Most foreign Chinese communities, such as those in London and San Francisco, also speak Cantonese because, historically, Chinese immigrants hailed from Guangdong. It is used for personal writing, poetry, magazines, diaries, literature, singing, and movies. This means that those who use traditional Chinese characters will be able to understand the simplified characters, but those accustomed to simple characters won't be able to read traditional Chinese. During the Tang dynasty, it returned to being more similar to central Chinese, but immediately afterwards, in the Song dynasty, it split even further. The same is true of Macau. The name Cantonese is often used for the whole group, but linguists prefer to reserve that name for the variety of Guangzhou (Canton), Wuzhou (Ngchow), Hong Kong and Macau, which is the prestige dialect. In Cantonese, numbers can be interpreted as a series of digits. China increasingly uses simplified characters that rely on simpler brushstrokes and a smaller collection of symbols. It is spoken in southern China, especially in and around Hong Kong and Macau, and in Guangzhou Province. Cantonese is the de facto official spoken variety of Chinese along with English. To read out the number, read the number of the value of the digit followed by the value of the digit. Jo sun. Cantonese has six tones, whereas Mandarin has just four. The Cantonese expression 輸打贏要 came from Mahjong lingo 'Play Mahjong' in Cantonese is "打麻雀(麻将)' 輸 means 'lose' 輸打 means 'continue to play when losing' (so when the game ends, he will have the chance to promise a gambling debt instead of paying the cash). Hong Kong Cantonese is a dialect of the Cantonese language of the Sino-Tibetan family. Cantonese (sometimes called standard Cantonese) has its origins in the area of Guangzhou (once called Canton) in the south of China. Examples of Cantonese Phrases. Cantonese is a language widely spoken in China and particularly in the province of Guangdong where it is recognized as the lingua franca. Though Mandarin is the official language in China, Cantonese is one of the two official languages of Hong Kong, and one of the four in Macau. Many people in Canada and Australia also speak it, as these are popular areas for Hong Kong and Macau students and emigrants. Happy Jellyfish Cantocourse: Cecilie Gamst Berg is a Norwegian expat living in Hong Kong. Cantonese is one of the main languages in China and is widely spoken amongst Chinese diaspora. Many other regions in China will also speak their regional language natively and knowledge of Mandarin may be patchy. It's estimated that around half of Hong Kongers can speak Mandarin, but this is due to the necessity of doing business with China. Cantonese is spoken in Hong Kong, Macau, GuangZhou, and Southern parts of China in that vicinity. Between 50 and 80 million people speak this language throughout the world, notably in south-east Asia, Australia, and Canada. What Is the Difference Between Mandarin and Cantonese? Both Cantonese and Mandarin share the Chinese alphabet, but even here there is some diversion. What Is the Official Language of Hong Kong? Words are commonly modified with time words, words that indicate amounts, and sounds or words for negation. If you are a non-native speaker, Hong Kongers will certainly prefer to speak to you in English than in Mandarin. A common mistake in Cantonese: Cantonese adjectives However, there is one exception that many foreigners learning Cantonese inevitably make when it comes to describing things with adjectives. In truth, such is the complexity of written Chinese that some office workers will use basic English to communicate by email, while most schools teaching Chinese focus on the verbal language rather than reading and writing. The language gets its name from the Canton which is the traditional name for the city of Guangzhou. At LearnDialect.sg, we want to make learning Cantonese fun, easy and practical for daily conversations in Singapore.As such, rather than figuring out which of the 10 or more Cantonese romanization system to use (e.g. Though both are tonal languages, Mandarin only has four tones. No. Throughout the world it is spoken by some 20 million more. Mmm goi. However, Cantonese continues to be the language of everyday communication both inside and outside of the home. “I am from…” in Cantonese. It is the language of choice for education, business, government, and the media. Additionally, Cantonese cuisine has quite a mild taste, unlike Szechuan cuisine, for example, which is spicy and flavorful. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. The advice above is largely true in Macau as well, although locals there are a little less sensitive to speaking Mandarin. Key to abbreviations: frm = formal, inf = informal, m = male, f = female, + = elder, - … Family words in Cantonese (廣東話 / 粵語) Words for family members and other relatives in Cantonese, a variety of Chinese spoken in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau and many parts of Southeast Asia. There are many more speakers of Mandarin than there are of Cantonese. It … Today, people frequent Cantonese restaurants for special occasions such as family gatherings and company dinners — harkening back to the social function of yum cha. Cantonese is spoken in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Hainan Island, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Malaysia, and many overseas Chinese communities. You can, but no one will thank you for it. Cracking the tones are said to be the hardest part of learning Chinese. Jyutping, Yale or Cantonese Pinyin etc. The benefit of Mandarin is that while not everybody speaks it, there will usually be somebody nearby who does. Pronounced as: ho go hing ying sik ney; 3. Taishanese, from the coastal area of Jiangmen (Kongmoon) located southwest of Guangzhou, was the language of most of the 19th-century emigrants from Guangdong to Southeast Asia and North America. It is also used in electronic and print media. During the Sui dynasty, the influx of Han Chinese increased immensely, and the language gained even more hold. Cantonese pronunciation: tones(聲調) Tones is the most important element for mastering Cantonese pronunciation. Whenever plosive ending consonants(塞尾韻)p, t and k are used, the tone of the word must be in tone 1, 3 or 6. Boiling, charcoal grilling, and braising are other popular techniques in Cantonese cooking. Our Philosophy for Learning Cantonese in Singapore. If you're feeling particularly bold and plan to learn both languages, it is claimed that it's easier to learn Mandarin first and then build up to Cantonese. It is often also referred to as Yue Yu or Guangdong Hua. You learn all the vocabulary of the Cantonese course from the beginning and repeat it in a systematic way until it is stored in your long-term memory. Hong Kong and Macau. Unlike 係, there’s no distinction between written and spoken forms, so this is the only word you need for “to have”. Around 90% percent of Hong Kongers still use Cantonese as their first language and there is some resentment at attempts by the Chinese government to push Mandarin. Online Cantonese Input Method is a free online Chinese typing tool using Cantonese romanization codes. Due to the historical interaction of its areas of use with English speakers, these two languages have many loanwords from each other. Much like English, Cantonese can be written both formally and informally. In the classification of modern Han Chinese languages, Cantonese is one of seven major dialects (specifically, Yue in Mandarin or Yuht yuh in Cantonese) the others being Mandarin, Wu, Gan, Xiang, Hakka, and Min. The Cantonese long-term memory learning method is based on the latest findings from research on vocabulary learning. So, let’s start by introducing the protagonist today. It is the local language in current use within the province of Guangdong, China, official language in the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong, as well as in the Special Administrative Region of Macau, and used in many overseas Chinese communities in South-East Asia and elsewhere, with Kuala Lumpur and Ho … Most Cantonese food tastes fresh, natural, and mild. Cantonese is a language spoken throughout south-eastern China and in some neighboring countries. How to say I have in Cantonese 有. Cantonese and Mandarin are dialects of the Chinese language and are both spoken in China. Cantonese has a reputation as a difficult language to learn, especially if you're not familiar with tonal languages. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. It is often also referred to as Yue Yu or Guangdong Hua. We empower you to type Chinese online anytime, anywhere with any computer for free! Common loanwords include: Several Cantonese words have also been co-opted for use in other languages, including: Since the Qin dynasty, the area in which Cantonese is now spoken has been settled by Han Chinese. This language is mostly spoken in south-east China, notably in Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangdong Province. Rory Boland is a guidebook author and travel writer who has lived and worked in Hong Kong and London. Word order is important for meaning, and is generally changed according to context. This language is thought to be one of the hardest for non-Asians to learn, because of its tonal nature, character-based writing system, and very different grammar from many non-Asian languages. The Cantonese word for “to have” is . Cantonese is the local dialect of the southeast corner of China. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Cantonese is spoken by the people of Hong Kong, Macau and the wider Guangdong province, including Guangzhou (previously Canton in English). While many Hong Kongers are now learning Mandarin as a second language, they will, for the most part, not speak the language. Compare this with Mandarin, which is spoken by about 1 billion people worldwide. Worldwide, there are about 66 million Cantonese speakers. The vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation of the two languages are quite different as well, particularly in terms of colloquial speech. Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore continue to use traditional Chinese that have more complex brushstrokes. Apart from mainland China, the language also has native speakers in Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, the United States, Canada, … In much of the country, it is the primary spoken language, including Beijing and Shanghai, although many provinces still retain their own local dialect. She insists that Cantonese is flourishing and cites her time with certain infamous Hong Kong politicians in New York's Chinatown as evidence of such Cantonese. Cantonese is a Chinese dialect spoken by people primarily in southeast China and Hong Kong, as well as by Chinese immigrants all over the world. Mandarin is spoken in Mainland China and Taiwan. Guangdong province has seen an influx of Mandarin speakers and many people there now speak Mandarin. Most Mandarin speakers can't understand spoken Cantonese. Last Modified Date: November 22, 2020 Cantonese is a language spoken throughout south-eastern China and in some neighboring countries. Cantonese (廣東話 Gwóng dōng wá) is a widely spoken Chinese language. Cantonese is a major dialect of the Chinese language, spoken in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and many expatriate "Chinatowns" throughout the world. Mandarin is the only official language of China. Though Cantonese speakers can usually read the simplified characters used to write Mandarin since they're based on the traditional characters used to write Cantonese, the reverse does not always apply. Cantonese cuisine uses a variety of cooking methods, though steaming and stir frying are the most favored. Outside of China, it has major population bases in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. “Nice to meet you” in Cantonese. So, let’s say you’re American. They can be left out. Good morning. Those who already speak Mandarin, Japanese, or Korean can often learn it in a shorter amount of time. Cantonese is spoken in mainland China as a lingua franca in … Cantonese is spoken by the people of Hong Kong, Macau and the wider Guangdong province, including Guangzhou (previously Canton in English). Mandarin has spread across almost all of China, as the “standardized” form of Chinese, yet Cantonese is still commonly spoken in Hong Kong and is the main dialect in Guangdong, which contains the important industrial city Guangzhou as its capital. Mandarin is also the main dialect in Taiwan and Singapore. The formal version is somewhat closer to Mandarin, but colloquial speech is very different. RTHK Naked Cantonese: With more than 200 episodes about 10 minutes each, Naked Cantonese is a fun and engaging podcast about using Cantonese in daily situations in Hong Kong. Children in China are taught Mandarin in school and Mandarin is the language for national TV and radio so fluency is fast increasing. 有 jau5. Most foreign Chinese communities, such as those in London and San Francisco, also speak Cantonese because, historically, Chinese immigrants hailed … If you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. They share the same base alphabet, but as a spoken language they are distinct and not mutually intelligible. 2. In order to show the original flavor of the main ingredient, Cantonese chefs are very cautious about seasonings. It’s spoken in Guangdong Province (capital Guangzhou, previously known as Canton, hence “Cantonese”) as well as in southern Guangxi Province to the west, and is also Hong Kong’s main language, as well as Macau’s. This is especially true in Tibet, northern regions near Mongolia and Korea and Xinjiang. This language also has a lot of loanwords from English and other languages, due to south-east China's long history of trading. Thank you – this is used in the same way as ‘thank you’ in English. In Vietnam alone, Cantonese (Yue) speakers According to this article: Cantonese Slang of the Week: HEA To put it in the simplest of terms, to Hea means to procrastinate, be lazy, and basically try to kill time. Cantonese is one of these languages. The Chinese language as a result of their influence began to assimilate and supplant local languages. When using ‘hea’ to describe a person, the meaning usually slightly alters to indicate that a person may … How to Beat the Language Barrier in China, There's No Such Thing as a "Chinese" Language, A Guide to Lantau Island, Hong Kong's Biggest Island, The 10 Best Reasons to Visit Shanghai Disneyland, Dragon Boat Racing in Hong Kong Gave Me a Sense of Peace, Community, and Stability, Why You Shouldn't be Scared of Asia's Wet Markets, Why Traveling Between Hong Kong and China Is Complicated, Getting Around Macao: Guide to Public Transportation, How to Say Hello in 10 Different Asian Languages, In Hong Kong, Use a Little Cantonese, the Locals' Language. That means that wherever you are there you should be able to find someone to help with directions, timetables or whatever crucial information you need. From tens to ten-thousands, each digit has a corresponding character. Mandarin and Cantonese are the two most commonly spoken dialects of Chinese. NOTE: the numbers are tone markers in Jyutping romanisation. On top of this, Hong Kong cinema is legendary with huge names such as Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Stephen Chow. 好高興認識你; Hou2 go1 hing3 jing6 sik1 nei5; Nice to meet you. ), we encourage you to form your own phonics, so that you make an association … It continued to develop throughout the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties, until the modern version emerged. Cantonese is a tonal language, with between 6 and 9 tones, depending on how they're categorized. Cantonese chefs pay attention to the quality and natural taste of food materials. Cantonese restaurants initially grew around the yum cha tradition, which saw friends and family come together over brunch serving Chinese tea and dim sum. Many consider Cantonese the prestige dialect of Yue. Until recent times, the word “Canton” referred to Guangzhou, the capital city of southern China’s Guangdong province. Both languages are spoken in Malaysia and Singapore. Between 50 and 80 million people speak this language throughout the world, notably in south-east Asia, Australia, and Canada. While it has many similarities with Mandarin, the primary dialect, there are some differences. The Cantonese pronunciation of “On9″ [sic: there seems to be a mix-up here] is similar to slang meaning “stupid”, and many are saying the new release is a … Mandarin is the official state language of China and is the lingua franca of the country. Cantonese language, variety of Chinese spoken by more than 55 million people in Guangdong and southern Guangxi provinces of China, including the important cities of Canton, Hong Kong, and Macau. Both the Mandarin and Cantonese dialects are tonal languages where one word has many meanings depending on the pronunciation and intonation. You might consider learning Cantonese if you intend to settle in Hong Kong for a prolonged period of time. Cantonese and Mandarin are written in the same way, though Cantonese favors traditional Chinese characters rather than simplified. There are 6 tones in Cantonese. Last fall, the New York Times published an article describing the rising importance of Mandarin in Chinatown.This seemed to offend travel writer Daisann McLane, an avid student of Cantonese. Do highlight to your Cantonese Translator when you are sourcing for translator or voice over to Translate Cantonese to English or rather Transcribe Cantonese to English. At the same time, it began to exhibit differences from the Chinese spoken in central China. It takes an average of around 2,200 hours for native English speakers to become competent in it, though of course the amount of time varies according to personal ability and the intensity of a course. Cantonese has a very rich history and culture as a language, and is one of the most expressive and fun languages I have ever heard. 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