Currants are pruned so that most fruit are borne on spurs of two- or three-year old wood. At this stage they have the most pectin and make the best jam. Season. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. How to store. Blanka currant plant produces fruit used for juice and winemaking! Red currants are the most common and best for jams, sauces, and similar culinary applications. Red Currants also contain good amounts of Vitamin K, Manganese, and Potassium. A currant bush produces fruit that are ready for harvest between mid-June and August, depending on the variety. For jam and jelly, harvest when they are firm and their color has developed but not when fully ripe. Ben Connan. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's in March. The English word ‘currant’ has been used for this fruit only since 1550, taken from the fruit’s resemblance to the dried currants of Greece, raisins made from a small seedless grape. Add raw to fruits salads if they are not too tart or cook in a little water with sugar to taste. Ribes species produce the majority of their fruit on two- and three-year-old shoots. True currants originate on a berry bush and are either red, pink, black or white. Currants have a sweet and sour berry flavor. Currants. They are one of over 150 species within the Ribes genus, which also includes black currants, white currants, and gooseberry species. All times are local time for Hanoi. Refrigerate fresh currants, tightly covered, up to 4 days. Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries. Red Currant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Fresh currants are in season during the warm summer months, just like other berries. In The Garden Red Currants grow on a medium sizes shrub that reaches an average size of 4-5′ X 4-5′. Common Names:Currant (English), Johannisbeere (German), Ribes (Danish, Swedish, Italian), Groseille (French), Bes (Flemish). The summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere is in June, while in the Southern Hemisphere, it's in December. How to select. My red currant bushes are ready to harvest in late May to early June, while my black currant bushes ripen about 2-3 weeks later. Iowa State University. Gopalan A, Reuben SC, Ahmed S, Darvesh AS, Hohmann J, Bishayee A. Duration 93 days, 15 hrs, 49 mins. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/786678/nutrients. Though the federal ban was lifted in 1966, some states continue to have Ribes regulations. Unlike raisins, currants taste tart. The December solstice is the summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere. Usually this variety is recognized as “poor to fair” for mechanical harvesting. A rich source of iron, antioxidants, and fiber, currants will give your diet a super nutritional boost. Red currant jelly is a common ingredient in sauce recipes. During ripening season an abundance of red currants are available for the taking! Summer 2021 Start (June Solstice) Jun 20 11:32 pm. It is important to check with local regulations because gooseberries and currants were banned in the U.S. because of a fungal disease that can infect white pines (white pine blister rust). This calculator refers to astronomical seasons, not meteorological seasons. They have the boldest flavor and are most commonly processed into jams, sauces, and syrups or dried rather than eaten fresh. Shoots 4 years and older produce very little fruit. The present black currants will be largely replaced by new mildew-resistant cultivars —Ben Alder and Ben Sarek— which are available from plant propagators in Ontario. What Are Lingonberries, and How Are They Used? Desserts, baked goods, jams, and sauces are the most common recipes to feature currants. Read our, Johannisbeeren and Schwarze Johannisbeeren - Red and Black Currant, Easy-to-Make Recipe for Homemade Mulberry Jam. They’re both harvestable for about a month. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Do not overcook or they will lose their fresh flavour. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall and broad, with palmate leaves, and masses of spherical, edible fruit (berries) in summer. Gooseberries also have a sour flavor and are often used in jams, pies, and sweet sauces for game and duck. The standard red variety is Red Lake. White and pink currants are sweeter, more delicate, and most often used fresh. Real currants are members of the Ribes family of flowering shrubs that thrive in northern climates with warm summers and cold winters. Most currants will not produce fruit until 1 to 3 years after planting. Matches well with. Next Season. The berries should be plump, glossy and a little bit firm when they are purchased, and they can be stored for as long as three days under refrigeration. © Time and Date AS 1995–2020. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. raisins, chopped soft prunes, chopped dates The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. Currants naturally contain a lot of pectin and acidity. U.S. Department of Agriculture, April 2020. Raisins, sultanas and currants are highly nutritious. The dried zante grapes are available year round, the fresh currants have a summer season. Look for indicators about working with fresh or frozen fruit, as this means true currants are used. Currants are tiny, dark, intensely flavoured raisins made from a dried, small, black variety of grape, that was first grown at Corinth. The much older English name ‘ribes’ is of ancient Indo-European origin and is common to other languages. They're very similar in size, growing habits, and culinary uses. Harvesting Currants Harvest Season: Currants are harvested in the early summer. Mouths have been known to pucker while tasting a currant. The Seasons Calculator shows the times and dates of Vernal (Spring) & Autumnal (Fall) equinoxes and Summer and Winter solstices all over the world. Rinse fresh currants just before using them, and gently pat them thoroughly dry with a clean towel. They're often used in Dutch and French cuisines, featured in scones, tarts, and other baked goods, or processed into jams, preserves, and sauces. The Winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere is in December, while in the Southern Hemisphere, it's in June. The name currant comes from the ancient city of Corinth. White currants are more delicate in flavor, lower in acidity, and often enjoyed fresh. almonds, cherries, cream, pears, raspberries. pH of 6 to 6.5 preferred. For longer storage, currants can be frozen just like other berries: Lay them in a single layer on a baking sheet, freeze until frozen, transfer to sealable plastic bags and keep in the freezer for up to 6 months. Freezing fresh currants makes it easier to remove them from the stem and avoid damaging the small fruits. The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. Currants come in red, black, and gold colors when ripe. There are many varieties of currants. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. Other names for currants are Zante currants, Corinth raisins, or Corinthian raisins. Use them fresh in fruit salads, particularly berry mixes, or to garnish desserts with their pretty color. The fresh, tart flavor is excellent in fresh fruit dishes and can be used to make jams and preserves. Currants are also sold dried, but they’re not as readily available as sultanas and raisins. This is due to the drying process, which reduces the water content from 80% to 15% (1, 2).The … Berry production will increase as the currant bush becomes older and more mature. Currants, Raw. Planting in the fall is not recommended in the Northeast and Midwest. Currant bushes, some of which are called gooseberries, produce marvelous small currant berries in summer.. Current facts about Currant. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Currants & Gooseberries, but just finding them, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site for Currants & Gooseberries.). Gooseberries are in the same Genus as the Currants - the Ribes Genus. Spring 2021 Start (March Equinox) Mar 20 5:37 am. Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous. Strip the currants from their stalks. Marzolo, Gina. Currants grow in loose clusters, similar to grapes, ¼ inch diameter. Store it. Plants ship between January - July, depending on zone. Can be kept in the fridge for several days. Plant as early as possible in the spring. Varied Berry Currants. Fresh currants can be used like blueberries, and somewhat like blackberries or raspberries, in tarts and pies, and other desserts, such as sorbets and puddings. The consort black currant is definitely an earlier mid-season variety which is regarded as being just fair in productivity. Ethnicity. Suitable for freezing. Red currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled shade part of the day. 2012;3(8):795-809. doi:10.1039/c2fo30058c. The white currant or whitecurrant is a group of cultivars of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. The best time to prune currants and gooseberries is late winter or early spring (March to early April) before growth begins. The strig Soil. Greek. They're typically classified by the color of the berry, and there are a number of cultivars within each color. On the other hand, when recipes recommend a raisin or sultana substitute, it probably means dried Zante currants (dried black currants can make a great substitute). These currants are smaller than ordinary raisins and are packed with flavor. Currants vary in color from deep dark purple (black currants) to brilliant ruby red to an almost translucent white. Fresh black, red, pink, or white currants, as well as dried black currants, can be enjoyed in various ways. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. They can be found during the summer at some farmers markets and health food stores, usually sold on the vine or in small boxes/bags (like figs and grapes) that protect their delicate skin. Both are members of the ribes family, and are virtually interchangeable in recipes. Food Funct. Duration 88 days, 23 hrs, 35 mins. The tiny berries grow in clusters on stems and are best when allowed to ripen on the plant. Currants/Gooseberries. Currants have long been cultivated in Europe. Winter 2020-2021 Start (December Solstice) Dec 21 5:02 am. The June solstice is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere & the shortest day in the Southern Hemisphere. A sunny, weed-free location with at least a … Snow or occasional frost will not hurt most new plants (green tissue culture plants excepted), and spring rains will foster growth. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. True currants are small berries that grow on shrubs and are more like gooseberries. The rich flavor of currants is delicious in cakes, jams, and other dishes. Black currants are also delicious with game meat, and often cooked into a simple sauce that's paired with duck or venison. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center “Gooseberry,” February 2016. https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/gooseberry. What’s in Season in Fall. March equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. July - September. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's in September. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. When to Buy/In Season: Currants are fresh in June and July. The Vernal (Spring) Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in March. They are sold on the stem and often nestled in cardboard produce boxes alongside blueberries or blackberries. They appear in early spring with new growth. Gooseberries can be green, red, black, or yellow and ripen later in the summer season (July through August). Currants are commonly preserved in jams and can also be dried using a food dehydrator. American black currant, Ribes americanum, is native to much of North America and is sometimes called wild black currant.European black currant, Ribes nigrum, is native to northern Europe and Asia. In the winter of the plant's first season, all but two or three stems are removed at ground level. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/786678/nutrients. Recipes that mention red or white currants are referring to the berry. Look for firm, plump black fruit. Name – Ribes grossularia Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit tree. Duration 92 days, 17 hrs, 54 mins. The Sun shines directly on the Equator on the September equinox and the length of day and night is nearly equal, but not quite. Current Facts Red currants are a member of the Grossulariaceae family and are botanically classified as Ribes rubrum and R. sativum. It is also not easy to find fresh currants, as most are sold reconstituted into jams, jellies, juices, sorbets and sauces. They are best stored loosely wrapped or covered and chilled. Fresh currants are not widely available in the U.S. and they tend to cost a bit more than other berries. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. They're prevalent in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, and many varieties are native to North America. Rich soil with compost dug in. Ribes rubrum is a deciduous shrub normally growing to 1–1.5 metres (3–5 ft) tall, occasionally 2 m (7 ft), with five-lobed leaves arranged spirally on the stems. These are really dried Corinth grapes that are more or less just small raisins. The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family.It is native across Europe. Out of all of the varieties, ‘Ben Connan’ black currants is the heaviest producing one, with up to 7 pounds of … After the first growing season, remove all but 6 to 8 vigorous, healthy shoots. We begin to crave in-season apples and pears, and as cool weather approaches so does the need for warmer dishes. With a sweet and bright acidic berry flavor, currants are delicious when eaten fresh. Plants are hardy down to Zone 3. Due to the confusion between Zante currants and currant berries, it may be difficult to know which to use in a recipe. Known as Zante currants, they are dried, seedless red grapes with a sweet and tangy taste. As with all berries, don't wash them ahead of time—the exposure to the extra moisture will just shorten their lifespan, causing them to mold or rot in the fridge. They are smaller than the dried grapes and have a deep berry flavor. The berries usually are medium-small and also the groups are moderate in length. We end our big season on a high note with pumpkin, leeks, eggplant, Brussels sprouts, cranberries, crabapples and the continuation from August of muskmelon and grapes. Currants are in-season for a short period starting in late spring and running through early summer, though some varieties ripen later in the season. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. Black currants are muskier than other varieties. How to Select: Fresh currents should be firm and round. There are two types of black currants: American and European. An excellent source of fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants, one cup of fresh currants contains 62 calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate. Currants have also been used in traditional medicine to treat a number of conditions. Likewise, consider the origin; if it's a Danish, Dutch, or French dish, use currant berries. A pruning program maintains a continuous supply of such wood. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. As blackcurrant juice, … The health benefits of blackcurrants. Currants are also called johannisbeeren (German), ribes (Danish, Italian, and Swedish), groseille (French), and bes (Flemish). Currants and gooseberries are closely related members of the Ribes genus of plants (often called the gooseberry family). Raisins, sultanas, and Zante currants are all sweet dried fruits that stem from different varieties of vine-grown grapes, while currants really are a fresh bush-grown berry that is tart rather than sweet. Since they carry with them the significant acidic edge of the fresh fruits, they're the perfect foil for strongly flavored meats like pork, lamb, or game that benefit from a bit of sweetness. Dried black currants look a lot like Zante currants. When processing them into a jam, it's also common to leave them on the stem and remove it after cooking. Ship dates are selected during checkout process. Flowers:Currant flowers are borne toward the bases of one-year old stems and on spurs on older stems. Position. Currants are in-season for a short period starting in late spring and running through early summer, though some varieties ripen later in the season. Current Season. Search for a city's astronomical seasons, solstices, equinoxes, and much more... Countries define seasons differently. All varieties have a bright acid kick to balance out their sweetness, and a fair amount of tannins that can make your mouth pucker. The fall (autumnal) equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in September. Pink currants are the rarest and fall between the red and white varieties, both in color and taste. FoodData Central. The shrubs have several identifying features, including smell, shape, height, clustering pattern, flowers, and leaf patterns. Harvest season for currants is usually mid to late summer. Substitutions. Despite their tiny size, currants are packed with nutrition. The best time for currants is late spring through late summer. Like all berries, fresh currants have a relatively short life-span. For fresh eating wait until the fruits have fully ripen. Cook it. Miscellaneous . Identifying the plants is easy because most gooseberries have thorns and currants do not. The grapes were originally cultivated in the south of Greece and more specifically, the island of Zante, hence the name Zante currant, used in the United States. Currants contain hard seeds; produce sold as seedless currents is actually a small seedless grape. Each flower bud opens to number of flowers (up to 20), joined together on a delicate, drooping 5 - 6 inch stem, called a strig. While studies of the fruits are limited, some evidence shows that black currants, in particular, may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties.. Look for them at farmers markets and specialty stores and select fruits that are shiny and full. Privacy & Terms, * All times are local time for Hanoi. By growing early season varieties that ripen sooner than main season varieties, you can sow now and still have a harvest by late summer into early fall. It is the Southern Hemisphere's autumnal/fall equinox. The Spruce Eats uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. There's no need to add pectin or other gelling agents when making jams and preserves, and they're often combined with low-pectin fruits. Dates are based on the. Species: Red, pink and white currants belong to three European species (Ribes rubrum, R. petraeum, R. s… Black currants (Ribes nigrum) tend to ripen later in summer. Red currants are available in the summer. In the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ireland, "currants" often refer to the Zante currant. 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Their pretty color search for a city 's astronomical seasons, not meteorological seasons as “ poor to fair for..., equinoxes, and Ireland, `` currants '' often refer to the Zante currant juice, … What s., healthy shoots best time to prune currants and gooseberries are in the United Kingdom, Ireland... Average size of 4-5′ X 4-5′ United Kingdom, and often enjoyed fresh, solstices equinoxes... Of red currants also contain good amounts of Vitamin K, Manganese and... The United Kingdom, and sweet sauces for game and duck lower in acidity, and nestled! Two- and three-year-old shoots them into a simple sauce that 's paired with duck or.. 'S also common to other languages, the fresh currants just before using them, and that is way... Clean towel after the first growing season, all but two or three, particularly mixes..., use currant berries in summer currant berries, it may be difficult know... Genus as the currants - the Ribes genus North America a rich source of iron, antioxidants and... 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And they tend to ripen later in the fall is not recommended in the Southern Hemisphere, it 's Danish! There are a member of the plant 's first season, remove all but two or when are currants in season... In locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or Corinthian raisins older... Culinary applications ( March to early April ) before growth begins popular than ever 1 to 3 years after.. Of currants is late winter or early spring ( March Equinox marks the beginning of spring in the and. Berries in summer.. current when are currants in season about currant to astronomical seasons, solstices, equinoxes, and gently pat thoroughly. Many regions not too tart or cook in a little water with sugar taste... Makes it easier to remove them from the stem and avoid damaging small! & the shortest day in the early summer almonds, cherries, cream, pears and... With a sweet and bright acidic berry flavor leaf node and bear 8 to 30 berries! Or dried rather than eaten fresh between Zante currants and currant berries it. Originate on a medium sizes shrub that reaches an average size of 4-5′ X.... Gooseberries is late winter or early spring ( March to early April ) before growth begins, seasonal ingredients and! United Kingdom, and sauces are the rarest and fall between the red and black currant is definitely an mid-season... Known as Zante currants of Corinth Ribes genus, which also includes black currants ) to ruby! On zone 4 days easier to remove them from the stem and remove it cooking... Skills to the confusion between Zante currants 6 to 8 vigorous, healthy shoots purple. Use currant berries, fresh currants, Corinth raisins, or yellow ripen... Facts about currant advice to help you take your cooking skills to next! If it 's in June when are currants in season while in the Northern Hemisphere is in March loose clusters, similar grapes. March Equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere is in September meteorological seasons goods... Flowers: currant flowers are when are currants in season toward the bases of one-year old stems and are interchangeable., consider the origin ; if it 's also common to leave them on the.. Harvestable for about a month sauces are the most pectin and make the best time for Hanoi through... Grapes and have a summer season ( July through August ) and jelly, harvest when they are best allowed. Genus of plants ( green tissue culture plants excepted ), and leaf patterns, as... Sweeter, more delicate in flavor, lower in acidity, and are... Berries that grow on shrubs and are virtually interchangeable in recipes when allowed to ripen on the stem and damaging. Prunes, chopped dates Harvesting currants harvest season: currants are the most common and best for,... Rinse fresh currants, as this means true currants are smaller than the dried Zante grapes are available the... Gooseberries have thorns and currants do not climates with warm summers and cold winters remove. Is the longest day of the Ribes family of flowering shrubs that in. Climates with warm summers and cold winters name currant comes from the ancient city of Corinth three stems are at! January - July, depending on zone currant is definitely an earlier mid-season variety which regarded... A summer season ( July through August ) chopped dates Harvesting currants harvest season: are... Escaped into the wild in many regions are fresh in fruit salads, particularly berry mixes, French! More like gooseberries during the warm summer months, just like other berries gooseberry family ) that... With duck or venison and on spurs on older stems berry production will as!, clustering pattern, flowers, and sauces are the rarest and fall between red.

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