In respect of bauxite mines at Lanjigarh, Orissa, public interest litigations were filed in 2004 by Indian non-government organisations led by the People's Union for Civil Liberties to the supreme court sub-committee regarding the potential environmental impact of the mines. The project area is representative of the area in Zone 6-Deccan plateau as per the biogeographic classification and has important biological value (Rodgers and Pawar, 1988) Niyamgiri massif is the part of Northern Eastern Ghat hill ranges passing through several districts of Orissa south of the river Mahanadi and corresponds with the biotic province 6c of the Deccan plateau Zone 6c. 2. Landscape integration through constitution of ER will also be especially essential to this area as shifting cultivation is major decimating factor for forest and wildlife values. In reality, however, these plateaus are very productive with high occurrence of several herbivore and carnivore species. Mohd. of Orissa, Sh. Occurrence of less shifting cultivation qualifies the forests and wildlife habitat much better than that of the existing Kotagarh WLS, which at present is suffering from shifting cultivation, fire and other human interferences. This will impact several wildlife associates of this habitat and will also reduce the diversity of tropical moist deciduous forest mentioned above. includes transportation by road of Bauxite to Mino from its Mines Located at Kawardha Chhattisgarh, India to various Railway Siding i.e., Tilda, Silyari and Hatband. The loosened material will be lifted through hydraulic shovel or by front loaders. 1. In February 2018, the Odisha state cabinet approved long-term bauxite linkage policy that would help alumina refineries, such as Vedanta's Lanjigarh, source bauxite from state-owned Odisha Mining Corporation (OMC). Kindly visit the Manage my subscription page to discover the benefits of this programme. In-principle clearance for 660.749 ha of forestland for mining was granted on December 11, 2008. After the Niyamgiri mines fiasco, the state government is now proposing to link the bauxite from the Kodingamali mines, which has a reserve of 100 million tonne, to the Lanjigarh plant. The ore to overburden ratio indicated in the mining plan is 1: 0.2. The approved mining plan outlines diversion of 672.018 ha of forest land in which mining will be taken up only on 390.26 ha. This cost benefit value should not only take into account the material benefits of bauxite ore mining over a period of 26 years but should take into account the perpetuity of the resources and ecosystem services that would be provided by these forest in the future Compromising long term economic return therefore can not be an alternative for short term gains. “We will make arrangements for bauxite supplies to the Vedanta […] Niyamgiri is the highest peak 1516 m in the massif. This is a climatic climax of the hill range where several three species viz. There are about 7 million tribes of different ethnic group that live in the forested tracts of the region. 8-23/2005-FC dated 9.3.2006 ( Annexure-I) issued directives to the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) to undertake studies related to the impacts of mining on biodiversity including wildlife and its habitat in the proposed area. The plant got in production by taking all clearances in 2005. 5.5. Though there is no comprehensive assessment undertaken for crop depredation by elephants in this area yet human casualty in terms of conflict is low as per the report available 6 persons became the victim of elephant kill between the years 2002 to 2004. Bhubaneswar  Digital Editor. The major bauxite producing states in India are: Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Bihar. Vedanta has been running its refinery at Lanjigarh by importing bauxite from states like Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra since its inception. A large number of porcupine digging signs were also recorded from all the mineralized plateaus. The ACF, Raygada also reported presence of bear, wolf in Paligaon beat and a group of twelve elephants in Potangipadar beat of. Press Trust of India  |  Based on the experience of conducting similar studies in the past, the WII team evolved a Pragmatic approach of visualizing the activities linked to the project implementation and developing a possible linkage between various project activities and their potential to bring about changes in habitat use by species or the changes in the habitat characteristics of the species known to occur in the project area. The economies of majority of tribes are forest based, agriculture, labor and domestic animal husbandry. The p A desk study of documents (Mining plan, rapid EIA report and the proposal for diversion of forest provided by the project authorities and the spatial information in the form of maps of the study area mine plan and sections was first undertaken. Copyrights © 2021 Business Standard Private Ltd. All rights reserved. The dispute can be traced back to Vedanta's plan to expand alumina capacities in Lanjigarh with bauxite mined from nearby Niyamgiri hills. Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard. The company has occasionally imported bauxite from countries like New Guinea, even as Lanjigarh refinery plant is surrounded by bauxite deposits. The team of WII, Dehradun also organized pre-site appraisal interactions at Bhubaneswar with Sh. 3. A site inspection of the project area was undertaken by the Chief Conservator of Forests (Central), Bhubaneswar, Regional Office of the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), Gol. Niyamgiri massif is important both from biological richness and functional standpoint. The cost benefit ratio projected for the mining project is 1: 4.377. An assessment period to cover the seasonally of events like migration, breeding and the phonology of the floral species is desirable for true assessment of the status of wildlife values of the area. According to the estimation of elephants in May 2002, there are 179 elephants in the proposed Elephant Reserve covering areas of five forest divisions. New Delhi: Vedanta Resources has put on hold a five-fold expansion plan of its Lanjigarh refinery in Odisha even as it is mulling sourcing bauxite from … We, however, have a request. This clearence is still pending. 12th gram sabha too votes against Vedanta mining. From the outside areas of the investigated plots, scats of sloth bear were also recorded. Working of the mine during night shifts would induce disturbances due to illumination of the Niyamgiri plateau area and pose disturbance to wildlife species more specifically the nocturnal animal. Shri Mrityunjaya Lenka, Assistant General Manager (Geology), Lanjigarh Alumina Refinary Project. 4.1 Forest structure and vegetation characteristics of the project area. As a premium subscriber you get an across device unfettered access to a range of services which include: Welcome to the premium services of Business Standard brought to you courtesy FIS. P.N. With present proposed production rate of 3.0 million tons bauxite/ annum, the life of mining expected to be of 26 years with a sustained yield of processed alumina @ 1.0 million tons/annum. "We will be able to go for public auction by first week of September," Mallick said. Specialized habitats represented in the project area. 4.5 Socio economic characteristics of the area. No. This is further corroborated with occurrence of Malabar Giant Squirrel, Ratufa indica in good density during our field survey which is an indicator of canopy contiguous forests. Based on certain assessment parameters like absence presence of species in the areas determined through direct and indirect evidences, knowledge of movement and migration routes of key species like the elephant and the existing threat factors operating in the area, the existing status of the project area in terms of it wildlife values in the pre- project scenario was evaluated. The threats posed by the proposed project to this important ecosystem will lead to irreversible changes in the ecological characteristics of the area. In Raygada division a leopard and wolf pugmarks are also recorded in patraguda beat of Muniguda Rnage. 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